Special Projects are 'experiments or investigations of a scientific or technical nature, undertaken by one or more Member States, likely to be of interest to the general scientific community'. Users within one of ECMWF's Member States may apply for resources as a 'Special Project'.

The table below lists the Special Projects that are currently active or submitted (in grey) following the application procedure.

Principal Investigator Country, Institution Title Start year Request 1st report 2nd 3rd

Uotila, P

FINLAND

FMI

Links between warming Arctic and climate extremes in northern Eurasia (LAWINE) 2017

Bertotti, L

ITALY

ISMAR - CNR

The different effects of heavy rain on the development of ocean waves 2017 +

Crommelin, D

NETHERLANDS

CWI

Towards Cloud-Resolving Climate Simulations 2017

Haarsma, R J

NETHERLANDS

KNMI

EC-Earth high resolution simulations 2017

Lenderink, G

NETHERLANDS

KNMI

Spatial and temporal dependencies extreme precipitation in a warming climate using large eddy simulation (SPACELES) 2017

Sterl, A

NETHERLANDS

KNMI

Small-scale severe weather events: Downscaling using Harmonie 2017

van Noije, T P C

NETHERLANDS

KNMI

EC-Earth climate simulation for AerChemMIP 2017

van de Berg, W J

NETHERLANDS

IMAU

Present and future climate of Antarctica and Greenland modelled with RACMO2 2017

van den Hurk, B

NETHERLANDS

KNMI

Climate change effects on land induced predictability 2017

Weerts, A

NETHERLANDS

Wageningen University

MultiModel Global/Continental Flood Forecasting 2017

Sollum, E

NORWAY

NILU

FLEXPART transport simulations and inverse modelling of atmospheric components 2017

Nickovic, S

SERBIA

RHMSS

Mineral Aerosol Impacts to Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Predictability (MASP) 2017

Guemas, V

SPAIN

Barcelona Supercomputing Center

CMIP6 BSC contribution to HighResMIP 2017

Körnich, H

SWEDEN

SMHI

Regional European re-analysis with ALADIN for UERRA (RERA) 2017

May, W

SWEDEN

Lund University

Coupling and feedbacks between soil moisture and two dominant monsoon systems for present and future climates 2017

Haines, K

UNITED KINGDOM

University of Reading

Coupled Data Assimilation Experiments using CERA 2017

Palmer, T N
Duben, P

UNITED KINGDOM

University of Oxford

The use of imprecise arithmetic to increase resolution in atmospheric models 2017

Weisheimer, A

UNITED KINGDOM

University of Oxford

Coupled seasonal forecasts of the 20th Century (CSF-20C) 2017

Woolnough, S

UNITED KINGDOM

University of Reading

The Role of the Asian Summer Monsoon as a driver of European Summer Circulation Variability 2017

Bazile, E

FRANCE

Météo-France CNRM/GMAP

Regional surface re-analysis with MESCAN at high resolution over Europe 2017

Hesselbjerg Christensen, J

DENMARK

DMI

Non-linear climate response to volcanic forcing 2017

Langen, P L

DENMARK

DMI

Modeling MIS3: a mild glacial climate state 2017

Rodehacke, C

DENMARK

DMI

Permafrost in the global climate system: EC-Earth and GIPL 2017

Yang, S

DENMARK

DMI

Simulating the climate in Last Millennium using EC-Earth 2017

Craig, G

GERMANY

Univ. Munich

Upscale impact of diabatic processes from convective to nearhemispheric scale 2016

Kollet, S

GERMANY

FZ Jülich

Integrated Simulations of the Terrestrial System over the European CORDEX Domain 2016

Ardhuin, F

FRANCE

Ifremer

Improvement of wind stress parameterization in coupled wave-atmospheric models 2016

Batté, L

FRANCE

CNRM-GAME/GMGEC

Impact of land surface and ocean initial conditions on sub-seasonal to seasonal forecasts 2016

Nolan, P

IRELAND

Met Éireann

High Resolution EC-Earth Simulations 2016

Alessandri, A

ITALY

ENEA

Go Beyond Current Limitations of Climate Predictions over Land 2016

Cagnazzo, C

ITALY

ISAC CNR

Effects of a stochastic gravity wave parameterization on the simulation of stratospheric dynamics 2016

Capecchi, V

ITALY

LaMMA Consortium

High-impact precipitation events prediction with a convection-permitting model nested in the ECMWF ensemble 2016

Iriza, A
Vocino, A
Montani, A

ITALY

Meteo Romania, USAM, ARPA-SIMC

COSMO NWP Meteorological Test Suite 2016 +

Graversen, R.

NORWAY

University of Tromsø

Investigations of polar lows using AROME Arctic 2016

Marsigli, C

ITALY

ARPA-SIMC

Development of a perturbation strategy for convection-permitting ensemble forecasting over Italy 2016

Marsigli, C

ITALY

Arpae SIMC

Testing perturbation of surface/soil conditions and of PBL for the prediction of thunderstorms and fog in the framework of the SRNWP-EPS Phase II Project 2016

von Hardenberg, J

ITALY

ISAC CNR

Impact of atmospheric stochastic physics in high-resolution climate simulations with EC-Earth 2016

Onvlee, J

NETHERLANDS

KNMI

The Hirlam-C project 2016

Vervatis, V
De Mey, P

GREECE

Univ. of Athens / LEGOS, Toulouse

Stochastic Coastal/Regional Uncertainty Modelling: Sensitivity, consistency and potential contribution to CMEMS ensemble data assimilation 2016 +

Andrae, U

NORWAY

Norwegian Meteorological Institute

Initial and lateral boundary perturbations for Convective Permitting Ensemble Prediction Systems 2016

Spichtinger, P

GERMANY

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

Ice-supersaturation and cirrus clouds and their feedbacks to tropopause dynamics 2016

Cloke, H

UK

Univ. of Reading

Evaluating land surface model uncertainty and strategies for improved forecast skill 2016

Bazile, E.

France

CNRMGAME, Météo-France

Regional surface re-analysis with MESCAN for the UERRA project 2016

O'Reilly, C

UK

Oxford University

Assessing sources of seasonal forecast skill over Europe in summer using relaxation experiments 2016

Sterl, A

Netherlands

KNMI

Small-scale severe weather events: Downscaling using Harmonie 2016

Palmer, T

UK

Oxford University

Improving Stochastic Parametrisation of Convection through the use of Data Assimilation 2016

Shrira, V

UK

Keele University

Direct numerical simulation of wind wave fields in a rapidly changing environment 2016

Tompkins, A

ITALY

ICTP

Use and value of ECMWF short-range and seasonal forecast products for health impacts in developing countries 2016

Termonia, P

BELGIUM

RMI

Multiphysics and stochastic perturbations for high-resolution LAMEPS 2015

Bouttier, F

FRANCE

Meteo-France

Boundary layer model errors in the AROME ensemble prediction system 2015

Dörnbrack, A

GERMANY

DLR

Mission Support System for HALO research flights 2015

Elbern, H

GERMANY

Univ. Cologne

Monitoring Atmospheric Climate and Composition - Interim Implementation (MACC-II) 2015

Greatbatch, R

GERMANY

GEOMAR

The role of coupled ocean/atmosphere interactions in the tropics for seasonal and decadal prediction 2015

Langematz, U

GERMANY

FU Berlin

Ocean-Atmosphere Chemistry Climate Model Simulations for new WMO-SPARC-Chemistry Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) 2015 +

Losch, M

GERMANY

Alfred Wegener Institute

Potential sea-ice predictability with a high resolution Arctic sea ice-ocean model 2015 +

Stein, O

GERMANY

FZ Jülich

Global Atmospheric Chemistry Modelling 2015

Montani, A

ITALY

ARPA-SIMC, DWD, MeteoSwiss

Investigation of case studies during Sochi Olympic Games using COSMO-based ensemble prediction systems 2015

Storto, A

ITALY

CMCC

Optimization of the OceanVar oceanographic data assimilation system for high-resolution applications 2015

Torrisi, L

ITALY

CNMCA

Short-Range Ensemble Prediction System 2015

Huijnen, V

NETHERLANDS

KNMI

Inline chemistry for tropospheric and stratospheric trace gases in IFS 2015 +

Frogner, I-L

NORWAY

Norwegian Meteorological Institute

Probabilistic forecasts for short range in Europe 2015

Cuxart, J
Jiménez, A

SPAIN

Univ. Illes Balears

Effect of the surface heterogeneities in the atmospheric boundary layer 2015

Doescher, R

SWEDEN

SMHI

EC-Earth: developing a European Earth System model based on ECMWF modelling systems 2015

Zhang, Q

SWEDEN

Stockholm Univ.

Simulations with climate model EC-Earth 2015

Böttcher, M
Joos, H

SWITZERLAND

Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich

Diabatic effects in mid-latitude weather systems 2015

Mann, G

UK

Univ. of Leeds

Development and testing of a microphysical aerosol scheme in the IFS forecasting 2015

Norton, W

UK

City Financial Investment Company Ltd (CFIC)

Attributing predictable signals at subseasonal timescales to tropical forcing and surface boundary conditions 2015

Palmer, T

UK

Oxford University

Constraining stochastic parametrisation schemes through coarse graining 2015

Palmer, T

UK

Oxford University

The Impact of Stochastic Parametrisations in Climate Models: EC-EARTH System Development and Application 2015

Bergamaschi, P

ITALY

JRC-IES

Improve estimates of global and regional CH4 and N2O emissions based on inverse modelling using in-situ and satellite measurements 2015

Arnault, J

GERMANY

KIT (IMK-IFU)

The role of soil moisture and surface- and subsurface water flows on predictability of convection 2015 +

Hansen Sass, B

DENMARK

DMI

HIRLAM/HARMONIE model research and development for online integrated meteorology-chemistry/aerosols feedbacks and interactions in weather and atmospheric composition forecasting 2015

Haimberger, L

AUSTRIA

Univ. Vienna

Homogeneous upper air data and coupled energy budgets 2015